Hearing and speech of a baby — a quick checklist–Birth to 3 years

Hearing and Speech of a baby

Baby has lots and lots of growth and development phases in their first 3 years of life. Some babies born with hearing problems and some don’t. Hearing is said to be the important development that we have to check with healthcare providers, as it can the development of voice,speech and language skills. Here is the quick checklist of hearing and speech for the first 3 years of baby.

Hearing and Speech Ages and Stages:

Birth to 3 Months

  • Quiets to familiar voices or sounds.
  • Reacts to loud sounds, baby startles, blinks, stops sucking, cries or wakes up.
  • Makes soft sounds when awake, baby gurgles.

3 to 6 Months

  • Turns eyes or head towards sounds, voices, noise making toys, dog barking.
  • Starts to make speech like sounds, “ga”, “ooh”, “ba”, and p,b,m sounds.
  • Reacts to a change in your tone of voice.

6 to 9 Months

  • Responds to own name and looks when called.
  • Understands simple words, “no”, bye-bye”, “juice”.
  • Babbles, “da da da”, “ma ma ma”, “ba ba ba”.

9 to 12 Months

  • Responds to both soft or loud sounds.
  • Repeats single words and imitates animal sounds.
  • Points to favorite toys or foods when asked.

12 to 18 Months

  • Uses 10 or more words.
  • Follows simple instructions, “get the ball”.
  • Points to people, body parts or toys when asked.
  • “Bounces” to music.

18 to 24 Months

  • Uses 20 or more words.
  • Combines 2 or more words, “more juice”, “what’s that?”.
  • Uses many different consonant sounds at beginning of words, b,g,m.
  • Listens to simple stories and songs.

2 Years to 3 Years

  • Uses 2-3 word sentences.
  • At 2 years, people can understand what the child says some of the time (25%-50%).
  • At 3 years, people can understand what the child says most of the time (50%-75%).
  • Follows two step instructions, “get the ball and put it on the table”.

Hearing can be tested at any age.

For more info contact California Newborn hearing Screening program.