What is Infertility?
Infertility means inability to get conceive after having regular unprotected sex.
Most couple get pregnant within the first year of unprotected sex. For about 15 percent of couples, though, it’s not easy, as there is a 20 percent chance of getting pregnant with each menstrual cycle. The National Infertility Association, various factors may contribute to infertility in women and men.
Risks for Women
- Very high or low body fat.
- Chronic diseases, such a diabetes, lupus, arthritis, high blood pressure or asthma.
- Cervical cryosurgery( freezing of tissue) or cone biopsies- your doctor might do these if you have an abnormal Pap test.
- Hormone imbalance- which cause very heavy or irregular periods or periods that are too close together or far apart.
- A history of two or more miscarriages.
- Excess caffeine intake.
- History of pelvic infections or surgery.
Risks for Men
- Anything that raises groin temperature, such as saunas, hot baths or whirlpool spas.
- Abnormal hormone levels.
- Low sperm count.
- Mumps after puberty.
- A hernia repair.
- Some kinds of infection.
- Exposure to lead,mercury or other harmful things in the environment.
- The use of certain prescription medications.
- Alcohol,drug or tobacco use.
- Exposure before birth to the drug DES ( this medication was once given to women to treat high risk pregnancies).
When to seek doctor?
You should talk to your doctor when you are younger than 30 and have been trying to get pregnant for a year, or if you are 30 or older and have been trying for six months. Also talk to your doctor when you have above listed risks.